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Create:  2016-07-09 Update:  2016-07-09 Views:  131 Tags:  vim basic usage,vim basic knowledge,vim usage

Vim basic use

Five start Command ★★★★★

Mode exchange ★★★★★
esc     # to Normal mode
i       # to Insert mode
v       # to Visual mode
R       # to Replace mode
:       # to Comand mode
/       # to Search mode

Tips:About mode exchange
Editing mode is the first step you learn vim, a lot of person found that vim's mode is difficult to know, and they didn't know how to utilize vim at the beginning. Vim's default mode is the normal mode. You should press 'i' to begin the editing. Why does vim should editing in this way? Because you will get more controlling in vim. That's why vim can be the powerful tool! So you must exercise vim mode before you edit. That's the key of the vim's door.

Commonly used in Normal mode ★★★★★
k        # to go up
j        # to go down
h        # to go left
l        # to go right
u        # undo
yy       # copy the cursor line 
dd       # delete this line
w        # move by word
ctrl+d   # scroll down screen
ctrl+u   # scroll up screen
gg       # to the first line
G        # to the last line
x        # delete one letter and keep in Normal mode 
o        # insert a line, and to go Insert mode
p        # paste
Commonly used in Command mode ★★★★★
:wq      # write and quit
:w       # write 
:2,10y   # copy 2 to 10 line
:%s/hello/helloworld/g  # replace all the "hello" as "helloworld"


Four start command★★★★☆

Commonly used in Normal mode ★★★★☆
w       # move to next word ,and cursor at first letter
b       # move to pre word, and cusor at first letter
gj      # move down to the near next line , for the long line, it's useful 
g       # move up to the near up line , for the long line, it's useful 
ctrl+e  # scroll up with one line
ctrl+y  # scroll down with one line
$       # to the line's end

Three start command★★★☆☆

Commonly used in Normal mode ★★★☆☆
ggvG=   # auto format the code
Commonly used in Command mode ★★★☆☆
:tabnew    # open a new tab 
:tabclose  # close the tab 
:tabp      # to the pre tab
:tabn      # to the next tab


Many friends find that's too many command to learn, it's hard to remember, if you are a developer, you will always work in edit text file. If you always use the command, then you will remember it. Practice makes perfect! Keep going.
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